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TECHNICAL LIBRARY

Featuring more than 1,000 searchable technical papers, business features, country commentaries and fashion articles from editions of World Leather going back to 2002. The papers are categorised into nine topics to make the library easy to navigate.


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Regional Commentaries

91 Items Found

 
Country Commentary: What months of mistrust could mean
Trade tensions have been building up between China and the US since the start of 2018. A resolution appeared to be within reach in the early part of this year, but May and June 2019 have been among the most turbulent months in the dispute so far and most of the optimism has faded.
World Leather - Jun/July 2019
China’s role as a consumer of leather
With two Chinese tanneries taking part in the sixth programme of Tannery of the Year, we are keeping up the tradition of aligning our country commentaries with the tannery reports by dividing the China country commentary into two parts. In the first part, we examined the country’s current status as a manufacturer of leather and leather products. In this follow-up we look at China as a consumer of leather and finished products that contain leather.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2017
Country Commentary - Recipe for success
The president of the Thai Tanning Industry Association, Pranee Kuruvelukorn, says leather is like cooking, with each part of the world having its preferred ingredients and traditional ways of preparing things. Thailand’s is a recipe for success, she says.
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2017
Regional Commentary - Stability in the face of uncertainty
One of a series of challenges to the established world order in 2016 was the result of a referendum in the United Kingdom in June, which means the country will leave the European Union after almost 45 years. Six months on from the vote, the leather industry is trying to maintain a business-as-usual stance on the one hand while also attempting to achieve clarity on what the future will hold.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2016
India sets an ambitious goal
The Indian government has the leather sector an ambitious target of increasing turnover to $27 billion by 2020, up from around $12 billion last year, of which $6.5 billion came from exports
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2016
Somalia’s growing livestock sector reports record exports
With help from the FAO, the country will focus on its leather industry to add more value domestically.
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2016
Regional Commentary: China 2015
The China Leather Industry Association is positive about the industry’s future despite slowing growth; footwear consultant Peter Mangione tells us what effects the Trans-Pacific Partnership might have on shoe trade; and chemicals company Biosk explains a ‘revolutionary’ process for managing wastewater.
World Leather - Oct/Nov 2015
Why US hide export figures were wrong for years
All markets need information and one of the most frequently updated sources of information in the global leather industry is the data on cattle slaughter and hide trade that the US issues. For years, however, the statistics relating to the volume of hides and skins US packers and traders export have been flawed. This article examines where those numbers went wrong and what the US Hide, Skin and Leather Association has done to put matters on a firmer footing.
World Leather - Aug/Sept 2015
Fashion school project keeps young designers in touch with Tuscany
Industry body the Consorzio Vera Pelle Italiana Conciata al Vegetale became concerned about a lack of knowledge of Tuscany’s vegetable-tanned leather among designers and, four years ago, launched a special project to bring students and teachers from design schools around the world to the region for one week each spring in the hope of increasing awareness and appreciation of the local leather industry’s trademark product.
World Leather - June/July 2015
Nakara holds its head high in the face of unfair criticism
A tannery in Namibia has reached agreement with its workforce following a short-lived labour dispute that became international news in July.
World Leather - Aug/Sept 2014
Regional Commentary China: China’s roller coaster
World Leather’s Market Intelligence reports over the last six months have described in detail “one of the most confusing periods for the global hides, skins and tanning industry” that we can remember. Record hide prices until March have been curbed by the elimination of tanning capacity in Hebei province, where the Chinese government has shut down a number of tanneries deemed too polluting. The knock-on effects are rumbling through the market.
World Leather - June/July 2014
Brazil’s leather sector gathers momentum
The US warns of the impact of declining herd sizes while South America weighs up shifting trade policies and hide shortages.
World Leather - Apr/May 2014
Asia Update
A round-up of news and updates from all parts of Asia (excluding China) provides information on current leather supply chain issues.
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2013
Regional commentary: Africa
A growing middle class and more disposable income means luxury companies are eyeing the continent – although many are unsure of the best tactics for growth.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2012
Regional commentary: China
A growing population and thirst for luxury goods mean the Chinese market is a key focus for leathergoods and footwear companies. The government has responded with policies that aim to restructure the tanning industry, which it hopes will better position it to respond to internal needs and keep its leather exporting industry competitive
World Leather - Oct/Nov 2012
The Americas: IULTCS vice-president says Latin America has a big part to play in global industry
This round-up of news and updates from all parts of the Americas serves to give insight into current leather supply chain issues in this part of the world.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2012
Europe: luxury cars and leathergoods represent the big hope
With debt piled upon debt, austerity measures, bail-outs, concerns about social unrest and threats to the survival of the euro and even the European Union, no one can pretend the European economy is going through anything other than a crisis. We certainly live in interesting times, but, at least at the luxury end of the market, the leather sector is still enjoying strong demand.
World Leather - June/July 2012
Regional commentary: The Americas
Weather events and the world economy are putting pressure on tanners in The Americas. Hide prices are high, material is scarce, in spite of drought conditions in some regions pushing cattle towards the abattoirs early.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2011
Raw deal
Weather events and the world economy are putting pressure on tanners in The Americas. Hide prices are high, material is scarce, in spite of drought conditions in some regions pushing cattle towards the abattoirs early.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2011
Ups and downs for Africa
Africa’s wealth in natural resources is attracting admirers and investors from all parts of the world. Hides and skins are among the raw materials coveted. In the case of Kenya, the government wants to set up new tanneries and create jobs and added value. Chinese investors are making their mark in other parts of the continent.
World Leather - Jun/Jul 2011
Regional Commentary: China - The lap of luxury
China is now officially the second biggest economy in the world and is on course to be the third biggest for luxury goods within the next five years. Growth in the consumption of leathergoods, shoes and cars and furniture with leather upholstery is strong.
World Leather - Apr/May 2011
Regional Commentary: Asia, excluding China
A series of news-led articles that combine to give an up-to-date snapshot of the situation in the leather industry across the region.
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2011
Positive outlook for Europe’s luxury brands
The economic downturn has had a much greater impact on the manufacturing sector than governments across the globe would care to admit. However, while many economies in Europe are still struggling, or have hit new stumbling blocks, European leather and leathergoods manufacturers are experiencing something of a reprieve.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2010
Developing African opportunities
The geographical focus in this issue is on Africa, looking at recent developments in the leather industry in five countries across the continent.
World Leather - Jun/Jul 2010
Medieval leathermaking lives on in Afghanistan
A significant proportion of Pakistan’s raw material supply comes from the war-torn country. Traders and hide/skin merchants salt, sort and select for export to Lahore, Karachi, Sialkot or Kasur by the truckload.
World Leather - Apr/May 2010
Raw material developments down under
Despite the intense focus in recent months on developments in raw material supply in the Americas, the importance of Australia and New Zealand to hide traders and tanners around the world is far from diminished.
World Leather - Apr/May 2010
Anti-dumping extended for 15 months
The European Union has decided to extend anti-dumping duties on imports of leather shoes from China and Vietnam.
World Leather - Apr/May 2010
Regional Commentary: Asia, excluding China
Details of recent developments in the leather industry in various countries across this crucial region.
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2010
Power vacuum in Nigeria
Hope remains for the livestock and tanning sectors in the Nigerian state of Kano in spite of serious set-backs in the form of energy and water shortages.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2009
Regional Commentary - China: Picture changes
Tanneries and footwear factories have closed in high numbers in China over the course of the last 12 months. In some cases, companies have been unable to keep up with the government’s demands for better environmental or workforce management. In others, the pressures have been purely economic. In any case, the China Leather Industry Association argues here that the development will be a positive one in the end, a classic case of less being more.
World Leather - 08 - Dec/Jan 2008
The advantages of a focus on footwear
Vietnam’s leather sector has had a very mixed year, with the upholstery sector almost struggling to survive, while the leathergoods and footwear segments continue their rapid ascent. Fortunately for the industry in Vietnam, its focus is firmly slanted towards the last of these, footwear. And in spite of the ongoing debate about European Union (EU) anti-dumping measures against imports of leather shoes from Vietnam, the signs are positive.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2008
A tough choice for Arzignano
The two great tanning clusters in northern Italy share a rivalry that, for Italy at least, seems fairly free of passion and venom. After all, the two centres do different things by completely different methods and for separate target markets, making it difficult to compare them. Nevertheless, with the leather upholstery market–the main focus of Arzignano, the bigger of the two clusters–coming under intense pressure, it looks as though only the smartest tanners will thrive in future.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2008
Australian cattle sector suffers severe drought
The Australian cattle industry has suffered a tumultuous start to the year, with serious drought to contend with as well as rising feed costs and currency pressures. However, while some tanners are lamenting the combination of unfortunate circumstances, others believe the worst may soon be over and that business is starting to look up.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2008
Value Proposition
If the South American leather industry were football, Brazil would be, well, Brazil. A bit like the national football team—which in spite of breathtaking resources, including Ronaldinho, Kaká and Gilberto Silva, failed to reach the most recent FIFA World Cup Final—the leather sector in the region’s largest economy has enjoyed easier times than it is experiencing at the moment.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2008
Africa: local leather industries have huge footwear demand to meet
When Dr Samuel Kiruthu talks about the leather industry in Africa, one of the first things he likes to point out is the size of the continent, which he thinks people underestimate. A combination of China, the United States, Argentina and western Europe—yes, all of them together—would comfortably fit into Africa’s land-mass. With all this space available, it’s no surprise to learn that a substantial proportion—around 12%—of the world’s cattle population is in Africa. Just two countries, Sudan and Ethiopia, have 35% of Africa’s total between them. However, in spite of what Dr Kiruthu calls these “numerous livestock resources”, Africa at the moment supplies only 4.5% of the world’s hide supply. There is, therefore, a disconnect between livestock owners and the leather industry.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2008
Spain: A sign of the times
The tanning industry in Spain is working hard to meet the needs of extensive domestic footwear, upholstery and fashion industries, but at the same time, it is striving to develop new business in new markets.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2008
Picture changes in China
Tanneries and footwear factories have closed in high numbers in China over the course of the last 12 months. In some cases, companies have been unable to keep up with the government’s demands for better environmental or workforce management. In others, the pressures have been purely economic. In any case, the China Leather Industry Association argues here that the development will be a positive one in the end, a classic case of less being more.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2008
The beginning and the end of the leather industry
Consolidation in the tanning sector in the United States continued in 2007, confirming the country’s status in the modern-day leather sector as important—hugely important—but only at the beginning and end of the supply chain. No one can touch the US for footwear consumption. Even if 45% of the 2.4 billion pairs of shoes US consumers buy annually fall into the ‘athletic’ category, and contain little or no leather, the nonsports footwear market in the country was worth almost $30 billion in 2006, according to figures compiled by analyst firm the NPD Group.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2008
Regional commentary — Vietnam
Vietnam’s leather sector has had a very mixed year, with the upholstery sector almost struggling to survive, while the leathergoods and footwear segments continue their rapid ascent. Fortunately, its focus is firmly slanted towards the last of these, footwear. And in spite of the ongoing debate about European Union anti-dumping measures against imports of leather shoes from Vietnam, the signs are positive.
World Leather - 06 - Oct 2008
Value proposition
Brazil’s leather industry faces big challenges, but there was lots of enthusiasm at the Fimec exhibition in Novo Hamburgo in April.
World Leather - 03 - May 2008
Regional Commentary - China: only the strongest will survive
The Chinese leather industry seems certain to enter a new phase in 2008, which may lead to consolidation among smaller players in the sector and force larger firms to improve their waste management and, perhaps, increase their prices if they want to stay in business.
World Leather - 08 - Dec/Jan 2007
Regional Commentary: Japan and Australia
Leather is losing out in Japan’s intra-Asian export boom while Kangaroo leather is on the up in Australia.
World Leather - 07 - Nov 2007
Indonesia — long on potential
Indonesia has played a modest role in the world economy since its independence from the Netherlands in the 1940s, and its importance has been considerably less than its size, resources, and geographic position would seem to warrant.
World Leather - 06 - Oct 2007
Southern Europe: Something to defend
Southern Europe has had a leather industry for at least two millennia, as the discovery of an ancient tannery in Rome this summer indicates. These centuries of tradition have produced an industry that is intensely proud of what it has achieved. And, as proud people often do, they have reacted defensively to the threat to their strength, their dominance and their future that has arrived in recent years from Asia.
World Leather - 05 - Aug/Sept 2007
The Middle East: New leaders and economies, new jobs, new life
A younger generation of political and business leaders across the Middle East is beginning to emerge. The countries in this part of the world and their economies are on the brink of enormous change, and the opportunities for makers, buyers and sellers of leather and leathergoods are certain to increase.
World Leather - 04 - June/July 2007
Regional commentary: Northern Europe
Germany recovers as niche markets light the way further north.
World Leather - 03 - May 2007
Regional commentary: South America
Whilst the leather industry may be one of the oldest trades on the South American continent, it seems clear that, these days, the vast majority of the activity is in the hands of only a few of the 12 countries in the region.
World Leather - 02 - April 2007
Regional commentary: North America and Mexico
Whilst much attention has been focused on the unification of relations in Europe in recent years, the progression of trade ties in the North American Free Trade Area has expanded significantly to create what could easily be called a single market.
World Leather - 01 - Feb/Mar 2007
Mongolia: Stepping up its leather industry
For many years Mongolians processed hides and skins from goat, sheep, horse, cow and camel using traditional methods, and this met the needs of the country. At the time of independence from China in the early 1920s, documents show that the quantity of leather being made by these methods was one million sheep skins, 700,000 kid skins, 60,000 cow hides, 50,000 horse hides and 6,000 camel hides per year.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2006
Russia steps up to the challenge
Many economists think that only the USA and Japan will remain in the current top six economies worldwide by 2050. The others will be replaced by Russia, China, India and Brazil (the BRIC economies). There is every reason to think that the leather industry in Russia is slowly but steadily gearing up to play its role in that economic dominance.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2006
Regional commentary: The Maghreb and Egypt
As the rush to globalisation continues, the last few years have not been easy for the North African leather industry.
World Leather - Nov 2006
The Pacific Rim – edging towards success or demise?
During the 1990s industrialists were warned that the 21st Century was to be the ‘Pacific Century’ and that the growth of China would lead to a realignment in trade routes and a new balance of importance of trade for the many countries bordering the Pacific. Many new trade routes have been set up as other Pacific countries have established new business with China, whilst others have sought alternate partners to balance the risks of China monopolising the industry.
World Leather - Oct 2006
China - the 21st century phenomenon
Between 1997 and 2004, the country's gross domestic product grew by a staggering 83% to almost $1,665 billion. The impact on the world's leather industry has been equally as staggering.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2006
Regional commentary: South East Asia
Neighbours face diverse challenges in the global marketplace as countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam find themselves squeezed between the immense growth of China and the emergence of the Indian subcontinent.
World Leather - June/July 2006
Regional survey: Challenging times for Europe
Challenging and changing times for Europe. Meanwhile, Europe's neighbour Albania sees footwear production soar.
World Leather - May 2006
Regional survey: USA and Mexico
Consuming concerns in the USA, the US alligator industry rides the storm; Mexico - trying to retain a foothold.
World Leather - April 2006
Regional survey: South America
Brazil, a country of mixed fortunes; Argentina's leathergoods sector rises from the ashes; Colombia: Contraband and quality.
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2006
Country commentary: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh
India is now a source for 10% of the global leather requirement; Pakistan has set a $1 billion export target; and the leather industry in Bangladesh is moving forward. An overview of the industry in these three countries highlights the significance of the subcontinent in the global leather sector.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2005
Country commentary: Russia and the CIS countries
The fall of the Berlin Wall was a seminal moment in the ushering in of a new global economy. No area was more affected than Russia and those countries that used to form the Soviet Union. A decade and a half later the very name Soviet Union sounds like ancient history, and yet the changes which started then still appear to have a long way to go.
World Leather - Nov 2005
Country commentary: Italy
Anyone reading Market Intelligence in our sister publication World Leather Business Week will know that the leather industry is not a happy place right now. As a result, the positive aspects of the footwear industry at retail do not appear to be moving easily through to the tanneries. Shoemakers have felt this wind of change and footwear imports from China into Italy have soared to such an extent that Italian shoemakers made a symbolic journey to Brussels early in the summer to hand in their keys.
World Leather - Oct 2005
South of the Sahara
This feature looks at an area that has real possibilities in terms of finished leather and footwear, Sub-Saharan Africa. It has seen considerable changes in its leather-based industries in the past few years and is the area seen as having the most long-term potential due to its raw material resources.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2005
Country commentary: China
The rate at which the Chinese leather industry continues to grow is also either alarming or a boon, depending on where one stands. The 2004 figures were themselves an increase of 19% over 2003, with that year’s export figure coming in at $27 billion, itself an 18% jump on the previous year. China’s share of global footwear production alone is now over 50 per cent, and they have over 80 per cent of the US market in both leather and non-leather footwear.
World Leather - May 2005
Country commentary: Spain
A healthy footwear industry needs an equally strong supply side and a supply of good quality leather is paramount. Despite the trends currently sweeping the world of footwear in general and the impact they have had on Spain in particular, the country’s industry must still be considered as being fairly robust.
World Leather - April 2005
Country commentary: India
Indian leather exports passed the $2 billion mark last year and with a target of $4 billion by 2010, the leather industry is gearing up to expand its capacity.
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2005
Country Commentary: Indonesia
There is still a long way to go for the Indonesian tanning industry to regain the stature it enjoyed before the Asian crisis of the late 1990s.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2004
Country commentary: Thailand
Times are hard for the leather and shoe trades but increasingly, tanneries are producing upholstery leather and manufacturing the end product as this sector is less affected by fashion and whims.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2004
Country commentary: Vietnam
Things are changing in Vietnam. Many leading footwear manufacturers, including Nike, Reebok, adidas, Diadora, Timberland and Clarks have some production capacity in the country and footwear production is rising. Leather manufacture is on the increase too.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2004
Regional Commentary: The EU
After over forty years of Soviet ‘velvet occupation’ Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia have joined the EU. Footwear and leather production in Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary is much smaller in terms of quantity, but has greatly improved as far as quality is concerned. This only partly is due to the influence of high quality imported goods from the West.
World Leather - Nov 2004
Meet in Africa
Meet in Africa has grown from an exploratory meeting and educational format to a full-blooded trade fair, and each time the reports get more positive. With 270 exhibitors and just over 2,000 visitors this October’s presentation did not need a huge space, fitting essentially into the underground car park of the UNECA building. Yet, like the early days of the Hong Kong show, leather trade diehards know that meetings in car parks can be very productive.
World Leather - Nov 2004
Country commentary: Italy
One way to make sure that people look closely at your company is to get it mentioned prominently in the annual reports of other major international retailers and businesses. Natuzzi is already recognised as the world’s largest furniture maker, and its importance is underscored by being in the annual reports of both Sears and Richina Pacific.
World Leather - Oct 2004
Country commentary: Italy
World production of footwear moved up to 12.4 billion pairs in 2003, and annual growth of 1.5%. Hidden behind this figure are declines in production in all markets except Asia and South America. Africa and North America saw a 13% decline and Europe, both east and west, declined by 9%. With Italy by far Europe’s leader in all things to do with footwear, these are difficult times.
World Leather - Oct 2004
Country commentary: Italy
Mario Polegato, founder and CEO of GEOX footwear, took part in the TFL Forum at Lineapelle/TanningTech. He argued that industry in Italy and the rest of Europe might be able to fight for fair competition against low cost manufacturing companies, but will no longer be able to obtain any form of trade protection.
World Leather - Oct 2004
Country commentary: Italy
Figures published by the Consorzio Vera Pelle Italiana Conciata al Vegetale (Italian Vegetable Tanned Leather Consortium) show a drop of 17% in the value of vegetable leather produced in 2003 compared with 2002.
World Leather - Oct 2004
Country commentary: Italy
As more and more sectors of Italian industry come under threat from external competitors, the country has seen a move towards promoting the concept of Made in Italy.
World Leather - Oct 2004
Regional Survey: Africa; False dawn or real sunlight?
Vision for Africa: ‘A world in which African leather and leather products are seen by local consumers and by consumers in developed countries as having the best quality, design and value for money’.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2004
Country commentary: New Zealand
Despite flooding in February 2004 that it is estimated to cost to the rural sector NZ$160-180 million, tanneries in the country are increasing capacity. Also, the move away from dependence on high-priced Australian raw material has seen an improvement in profitability and ensured the future of the woolskin tanning industry.
World Leather - June/July 2004
Country commentary: Australia
China is casting a shadow over the Australian leather industry, and while some are benefiting from having a neighbour growing so strongly, others are being forced to become more innovative, more desperate and more adaptable to survive.
World Leather - June/July 2004
Country commentary: Turkey
Over the years, Turkey has steadily insinuated itself into a major position in the world’s leather industry without ever quite achieving the high profile of India, Brazil or, more recently, China.
World Leather - June/July 2004
Country commentary: China
After decades of straight-line growth and an assumption that the only foreseeable route for the future was further expansion, the January 2004 figures published by the China Leather Industry Association came as a shock.
World Leather - May 2004
Country commentary: Argentina
During the 1990’s crisis, Argentina’s tanning industry built a strong sector, technologically up-to-date and capable of producing crust and finished leather to the highest standards.
World Leather - April 2004
Country commentary: Brazil
Brazil has the second largest commercial bovine herd in the world with over 175 million cattle and is therefore one of the main hide suppliers with around 15% of the total global hide offer.
World Leather - April 2004
Country commentary: Mexico
The Mexican leather sector became important for the local economy when the footwear industry was born and, therefore, it is intimately linked to shoe production.
World Leather - Feb/Mar 2004
Country commentary: France
The French leather industry in total comprises some 548 concerns dealing with all aspects of raw materials, leather production and leather manufacture. It employed about 33,000 people in 2002 and produced a turnover of E3.5 billion, approximately 7% down on 2001.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2003
Country commentary: Poland
The profitability of the Polish leather sector is improving. It appears as if the market reforms are working and although the production of leather continues to decline, it is still profitable.
World Leather - Nov 2003
Country commentary: Italy
Italian leather making, its suppliers and its customers, have taken the blows and the lingering effects of BSE and 9/11, the war in the Middle East, the rapid growth of footwear and leather goods exports from China and most recently SARS, on the chin.
World Leather - Oct 2003
Country commentary: USA
Twenty years ago, tanners were being urged to globalise. Unfortunately, most of them had little idea what globalisation was, but nevertheless a few tried it. Today the industry has changed tremendously – and globalisation is not the word they are thinking about. It’s survival.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2003
Country commentary: Korea
These are not easy times for South Korea’s tanneries. Like every other advanced economy, Korea faces intense competition from low-cost production platforms. Unfortunately for Korea it shares a border with the giant of low-cost producers – China.
World Leather - Aug/Sep 2003
Country commentary: Russia
Twelve years after the implosion of the old Soviet Union in December 1991, Russia is still struggling to establish a modern marketeconomy, modernise its industrial base and maintain strong economic growth.
World Leather - June/July 2003
Country commentary: Turkey
About 80% of Turkish leather production revolves around processing double-face into finished garments.
World Leather - June/July 2003
Country commentary: Indonesia
Generally speaking, the Indonesian economy is still not in good shape but there have been signs of recovery of late.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2002
Country commentary: Argentina
New markets and possibilities have been opened up to Argentina’s footwear and leathergoods sectors, and manufacturers’ associations are now organising trade missions and participation both in local and international fairs and other relevant events.
World Leather - Dec/Jan 2002

Silvateam D

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